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Trump India visit: Seven claims about India fact-checked


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Trump India visit: Seven claims about India fact-checked

Image copyright AFP President Trump kicked off a visit to India with an address to tens of thousands of people in a cricket stadium in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat. The speech praised India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi and highlighted the success of recent policies to improve the country. We looked at some of…

Trump India visit: Seven claims about India fact-checked

Donald Trump and Narendra Modi on stage during the US president's address Image copyright
AFP

President Trump kicked off a see to India with an address to tens of countless individuals in a cricket arena in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat.

The speech praised India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi and highlighted the success of current policies to enhance the nation.

We took a look at a few of the claims.

Claim 1: Trump said: “Because the millenium, the size of the Indian economy has actually grown over 6 times in size.”

Reality check: Determined in regards to GDP – the amount of the value of products and services produced in the economy – President Trump is right.

In 2000, India’s GDP was $477 billion, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). By 2019, that figure had increased to an approximated $2,940 bn.

That’s an increase of 6.2 times over the duration 2000-2019

Truth Examine has formerly taken a look at Prime Minister Modi’s pledge to broaden India’s production sector.

India ended up being the world’s 5th largest economy in 2019, according to information from the IMF’s World Economic Outlook

World’s largest economies

GDP (US$ trillions)

Claim 2: “In a single decade, India has raised over 270 million individuals out of hardship.”

Reality check: According to a 2018 UN report, there were 271 million less people living listed below the UN-defined hardship index in 2016, than ten years earlier.

Nevertheless, this same report notes that regardless of the gains in reducing hardship “364 million Indians continue to experience severe deprivations in health, nutrition, schooling and sanitation.”

It also notes that about a quarter of all those specified as living in hardship are under the age of 10.

Image copyright
AFP

Image caption

In 2018 the Indian government announced that every village had access to electrical energy.

Claim 3: “Under Prime Minister Modi, for the very first time, every village in India has access to electrical energy.”

Reality check: In 2018 the Indian federal government announced that it had actually reached its target of offering every Indian town with electrical energy.

Nevertheless, it’s important to understand what this really implies.

The government specifies a town as completely amazed if 10%of its families, along with public places such as schools and health centres, are linked to the grid.

By the time Mr Modi took office in 2014, 96%of the 600,000 villages in India had already been amazed.

We checked this claim in complete throughout last year’s elections in India.

Claim 4: “The rate of highway buildings has more than doubled.”

Reality check: It’s true that the overall length of highways increased significantly after Mr Modi’s BJP party pertained to power.

The federal government constructed about 10,000 km of highway in 2018-19 This is more than double the amount developed in the in 2015 of the previous Congress administration in 2013-14

National highways in India

Overall built each fiscal year

The federal government set a similar target for this year. As of November 2019, 5,958 km have been developed.

Truth Examine has actually looked extensive at the BJP’s record on structure roadways

Claim 5: “320 million more Indians are right now connected to the internet.”

Truth check: It’s not completely clear what internet connection refers to here. There are now more than 600 m web customers in India – a step of internet usage released by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.

This figure has actually grown enormously in recent years, going beyond the 320 m figure discussed by President Trump.

However, you’re much more most likely to have access to the internet if you reside in a city instead of in the countryside – where most Indians live. There’s also a gender disparity.

Females are 50%less most likely to use mobile web than males, according to a 2019 study.

In 2015, Truth Inspect found that an ambitious task to establish the internet across rural India made strong development early on, but was having a hard time to fulfill targets

Claim 6: “600 million more people have access to fundamental sanitation.”

Reality check: In October 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat or Tidy India Objective.

The federal government constructed toilets for homes without any access to standard sanitation centers under this scheme.

Latest figures from the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation reveal that more than 100 million toilets have actually been developed. We can’t evaluate the figure of 600 m, but every toilet would most likely be used by numerous people.

In April 2018, the prime minister likewise stated India open-defecation free.

Truth Examine has actually shown that rates of open defecation have fallen, although UN information shows that the practice is still prevalent

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The government plan has encouraged cleaner approaches of cooking.

Claim 7: “70 million more families, think about this, have access to cooking fuel.”

Truth check: Cooking gas was provided to bad homes under a scheme introduced by Prime Minister Modi in 2016.

Under this scheme, 50 million liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) connections were to be supplied to families below a particular level of earnings, with additional monetary subsidies provided to fill up cylinders for 3 years.

According to the site of the Ministry of Petroleum and Gas, the Indian federal government fulfilled its target, and more than 80 million connections have been established since September in 2015.

In our own evaluation last year, Truth Examine found that the success of the project has been hampered by the high cost of having cylinders filled up

Read more from Reality Examine

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